How do you test a thermocouple on a fireplace?

Hold the knob in for 60 seconds, then release it. If the thermocouple is working, the pilot should remain lit. If the pilot goes out, relight it and check the flame. It should be about an inch in length and predominantly bluish in color, and it should be in contact with the tip of the thermocouple.

If the flame lights and goes out when you release the gas control knob after holding it in for the recommended 20 to 30 seconds, that’s the sign of a thermocouple malfunction. Before jumping to the conclusion that the thermocouple is at fault, look at the pilot flame.

Secondly, how long do thermocouples last? Thermocouples can last several years, but they don’t typically last as long as the furnace itself. If the pilot remains lit, but the main furnace doesn’t stay lit, it’s time to replace the thermocouple. Replacement thermocouples are in stock at most hardware and home improvement stores.

In this regard, how do you check a thermocouple?

Turn your multimeter to millivolts to perform an open circuit test. Place one of the test leads of the multimeter on the side of the thermocouple and the other to the end that enters the gas valve. Ignite a lighter, or other heat source with a flame, at the opposite end of the thermocouple.

How do you fix a bad thermocouple?

A burned out or broken thermocouple should be replaced. To replace a thermocouple: Step 1: Unscrew the copper lead and the connection nut inside the threaded connection to the gas line. Step 2: Under the mounting bracket at the thermocouple tube, unscrew the bracket nut that holds the tube in place.

What causes a thermocouple to fail?

Changes in temperature can cause regular expansion and contraction in metal, which will cause thermocouples to weaken over time. After enough time, metal fatigue can cause a thermocouple to break.

Will a pilot light stay lit with a bad thermocouple?

A thermocouple senses the heat of the pilot and allows gas to flow to the burner. A bad thermocouple will shut off gas to both the pilot and the burner so the pilot light won’t stay lit.

Can you jump out a thermocouple?

Harley said: Bypassing the thermocouple would make it no more dangerous than any propane grill. It’s not going to make it explode. The only thing it would prevent is losing a tank of propane into the atmosphere if the flame happened to go out because the valve wouldnt close.

What does thermocouple look like?

The thermocouple looks like a piece of metal tubing smaller than a soda straw. To find it, first locate the gas control box. This is the box that the main gas line enters, where you turn the gas on in the furnace. The other end of the thermocouple sits in the flame of the pilot light.

Are thermocouples universal?

Universal Thermocouples. Universal thermocouples, as the name implies work on most water heaters. They are available online and in home supply stores for a reasonable cost. The length and the thread type are the two concerns when purchasing one.

Can you clean a thermocouple?

If the Thermocouple is faulty it will cause the unit to shut down. How to clean? Remove Thermocouple from pilot assembly, using steel wool or emery cloth to lightly clean the tip removing any soot or build up that might have accorded due to an improper pilot flame.

What color is positive on Type K thermocouple?

Type K thermocouples generally will work in most applications because they are nickel based and have good corrosion resistance. 1. Positive leg is non-magnetic (Yellow), negative leg is magnetic (Red).

How many millivolts should a thermocouple produce?

The normal millivolt output is 25 to 35 millivolts; on some, you may even get up to 35. The other part of this safety pilot system is the electromagnet (power unit). It is if you will the LOAD and we can say the thermocouple is the SOURCE.

How do you adjust a thermocouple?

To adjust the thermocouple, you must tighten the thermocouple nut with a wrench. Take care not to apply too much pressure to the nut — just tighten it slightly. Then try lighting the pilot. If the pilot won’t stay lit, replace the thermocouple with a new one of the same type.

How many types of thermocouples are there?

Thermocouple Grade Wire Calibration Type Temperature Range K 32 to 2282°F 0 to 1250°C E 32 to 1652°F 0 to 900°C T 32 to 662°F 0 to 350°C R or S 32 to 2642°F 0 to 1450°C

Does a thermocouple need to be grounded?

Should I use a grounded or ungrounded thermocouple? A thermocouple is called “grounded” when the sensing junction is connected (physically and electrically) to the metal case. There are advantages and disadvantages but generally ungrounded thermocouples are preferable, providing a slower response time is acceptable.