What is a circuit BBC Bitesize?

In a television series, you get several episodes, one after the other. A series circuit is similar. You get several components one after the other. If you follow the circuit diagram from one side of the cell to the other, you should pass through all the different components, one after the other, without any branches.

An electrical circuit consists of wires, components (like switches and bulbs) and a cell or other source of power. A circuit needs to be complete for electricity to flow through it. If there is a break in the circuit, the electricity cannot pass.


  • The same current flows through each part of a series circuit.
  • The total resistance of a series circuit is equal to the sum of individual resistances.
  • Voltage applied to a series circuit is equal to the sum of the individual voltage drops.

Likewise, people ask, what is current BBC Bitesize?

Charge and current. Electric current is the rate of flow of electric charge . No current can flow if the circuit is broken – for example, when a switch is open. An electric current flows when electrons move through a conductor, such as a metal wire. Metals are good conductors of electricity.

How does a circuit breaker work BBC Bitesize?

The fuse breaks the circuit if a fault in an appliance causes too much current to flow. This protects the wiring and the appliance if something goes wrong. The fuse contains a piece of wire that melts easily. If the current going through the fuse is too great, the wire heats up until it melts and breaks the circuit.

What happens when you add more cells to a circuit?

Adding more cells The current in a series circuit depends upon the number of cells. If you make the cells face in the same direction, the more cells you add, the greater the current.

How do you find the current in a circuit?

Ohms Law and Power To find the Voltage, ( V ) [ V = I x R ] V (volts) = I (amps) x R (Ω) To find the Current, ( I ) [ I = V ÷ R ] I (amps) = V (volts) ÷ R (Ω) To find the Resistance, ( R ) [ R = V ÷ I ] R (Ω) = V (volts) ÷ I (amps) To find the Power (P) [ P = V x I ] P (watts) = V (volts) x I (amps)

Is voltage the same in parallel?

A parallel circuit has two or more paths for current to flow through. Voltage is the same across each component of the parallel circuit. The sum of the currents through each path is equal to the total current that flows from the source.

What are the two types of circuit connection?

There are two types of electric circuit. – series and parallel.

How is current measured?

Current can be measured using an ammeter. Electric current can be directly measured with a galvanometer, but this method involves breaking the electrical circuit, which is sometimes inconvenient. Current can also be measured without breaking the circuit by detecting the magnetic field associated with the current.

Which circuit is better series or parallel?

In a series circuit, adding more components to the circuit increases resistance, meaning the electric current decreases. In a parallel circuit, having additional components does not increase resistance. Resistance can be reduced even further by having more pathways in a parallel circuit.

Is voltage used up in a circuit?

Voltage, V Voltage is a measure of the energy carried by the charge. The proper name for voltage is potential difference or p.d. for short, but this term is rarely used in electronics. Voltage is supplied by the battery (or power supply). Voltage is used up in components, but not in wires.

What makes a complete circuit?

Current only flows when a circuit is complete—when there are no gaps in it. In a complete circuit, the electrons flow from the negative terminal (connection) on the power source, through the connecting wires and components, such as bulbs, and back to the positive terminal.

What is the current?

Current is the flow of electrical charge carriers like electrons. Current flows from negative to positive points. One ampere of current is defined as one coulomb of electrical charge moving past a unique point in a second. Electric current is widely used in household and industrial appliances.

What is a simple circuit?

Simple Circuits. A circuit is the path that an electric current travels on, and a simple circuit contains three components necessary to have a functioning electric circuit, namely, a source of voltage, a conductive path, and a resistor. Water flows over a cliff as a light snowfall returns evaporated water to Earth.

What is electricity current and voltage?

V. Definition. Current is the rate at which electric charge flows past a point in a circuit. In other words, current is the rate of flow of electric charge. Voltage, also called electromotive force, is the potential difference in charge between two points in an electrical field.

What is needed for current to flow?

What is an electric current? To produce an electric current, three things are needed: a supply of electric charges (electrons) which are free to flow, some form of push to move the charges through the circuit and a pathway to carry the charges. The pathway to carry the charges is usually a copper wire.

How do you define charge?

In physics, charge, also known as electric charge, electrical charge, or electrostatic charge and symbolized q, is a characteristic of a unit of matter that expresses the extent to which it has more or fewer electrons than protons.