Urea is naturally produced when the liver breaks down protein or amino acids, and ammonia. The kidneys then transfer the urea from the blood to the urine. Extra nitrogen is expelled from the body through urea, and because it is extremely soluble, it is a very efficient process.
Subsequently, question is, what is urea and how is it made? Urea is naturally produced when the liver breaks down protein or amino acids, and ammonia. The kidneys then transfer the urea from the blood to the urine. Extra nitrogen is expelled from the body through urea, and because it is extremely soluble, it is a very efficient process.
In respect to this, what is the chemical composition of urea fertilizer?
Urea Fertilizer: 46-0-0 The alternative name 46-0-0 of urea fertilizer stands for its NPK content (actually N, P2O5 and K20 or nitrogen, phosphate and potash, respectively). It means that it contains 46% nitrogen (N), zero phosphorus, and zero potassium.
Which of the following is the correct chemical formula of urea?
Formula and structure: Urea chemical formula is CO(NH2)2. Its molar mass is 60.06 g mol–1. The molecule is formed by two amide groups (-NH2) bound to a central carboxylic carbon (-C=O), thus urea is a double amide.
Is urea a protein?
Urea is a non-protein nitrogen compound. That is, the nitrogen portion of urea is used as the building block for the production of protein by rumen microbes. Most urea contains about 45% nitrogen, and protein contains 16% nitrogen.
What is the other name of urea?
Urea Names Systematic IUPAC name Carbonic diamide Other names Carbamide Carbonyl diamide Carbonyldiamine Diaminomethanal Diaminomethanone Identifiers CAS Number 57-13-6
How urea is formed?
Urea forms when dietary proteins make amino acids after digestion. The liver breaks down excess amino acids to make ammonia, then converts this into urea, which is less toxic in the body than ammonia.
Is urea an organic fertilizer?
Urea is naturally produced by a lot of animals as a metabolic byproduct and such natural urea is an approved Organic fertiliser. This is the urea farmers can buy as ‘fertiliser ‘. Synthetic urea is considered by governments, by farmers, and politically, as a synthetic chemical fertilizer.
What is structure of urea?
What are the hazards of urea?
Inhalation (Breathing): Urea dust may cause irritation of the nose, throat, and respiratory tract. Ingestion (Swallowing): Low degree of toxicity by ingestion. May cause irritation of the digestive tract if ingested. Nausea and vomiting may occur after exposure to large volumes.
What type of bond is urea?
In chemistry, certain elements bond together and are referred to as groups. In urea, there is a carbonyl group attached to two amide groups. Now you can see how it gets the name carbamide (carboxyl + amide). A carbonyl group is a carbon atom that is double bonded to an oxygen atom.
Is urea a urine?
Urea. Urea (also known as carbamide) is a waste product of many living organisms, and is the major organic component of human urine. So the liver converts the ammonia to a non-toxic compound, urea, which can then be safely transported in the blood to the kidneys, where it is eliminated in urine.
Why Urea is used as fertilizer?
Urea is widely used in the agricultural sector both as a fertilizer and animal feed additive. The main function of Urea fertilizer is to provide the plants with nitrogen to promote green leafy growth and make the plants look lush. Urea also aids the photosynthesis process of plants.
What is the purpose of urea?
It is the body’s breakdown of proteins and ammonia. It can also be chemically composed into a liquid or a solid using ammonia and carbon dioxide. This is how urea is the most useful and used mostly as a fertilizer, in some medications and industrial-made compounds.
What are the properties of urea?
Physical properties It is a colourless, crystalline substance that melts at 132.7°C (271°F) and decomposes before boiling. Its density is 1.32 g/cm3 and It is highly soluble in water and contains 46.7% nitrogen.
What is urea fertilizer?
Urea is an inexpensive form of nitrogen fertilizer with an NPK (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) ratio of 46-0-0. Although urea is naturally produced in humans and animals, synthetic urea is manufactured with anhydrous ammonia.
What are the advantages of urea fertilizer?
Advantages of Urea Fertilizer * Highest nitrogen content. This percentage is much higher than other available nitrogenous fertilizers in the market. * The cost of production of urea is relatively low . * Not subject to fire or explosion hazards, so there is no risk in the storage of urea.
Where urea is produced?