Fluorescent lamps use a ballast which transforms line voltage to a voltage to start up and operate the lamp(s). Newer fluorescent ballasts are usually rated for both 120 volts and 277 volts. Some are rated for only 120 volts, others for only 277 volts (used in commercial environments).
CHECKING THE STARTING VOLTAGE OF A SLIMLINE BALLAST SHOULD ONLY BE PERFORMED BY A LICENSED ELECTRICIAN. The starting voltage is measured across the primary and secondary leads to the sockets, using a high resistance voltmeter with a range of zero to 1000 volts.
Also Know, does a ballast reduce voltage? During lamp starting, the ballast must briefly supply high voltage to establish an arc between the two lamp electrodes. Once the arc is established, the ballast quickly reduces the voltage and regulates the electric current to produce a steady light output.
Also, what is the output voltage of a t12 ballast?
When power is first applied, a high voltage (several hundred volts) is needed to initiate the discharge. However, once this takes place, a much lower voltage – usually under 100 V for tubes under 30 watts, 100 to 175 volts for 30 watts or more – is needed to maintain it.” Fluorescent Tube and Switching Ballasts.
What is in a ballast?
An electrical ballast is a device that limits the current through an electrical load. The ballast provides for the proper operation of the negative-resistance device by limiting current. Ballasts can also be used simply to limit the current in an ordinary, positive-resistance circuit.
How do you check the voltage on a fluorescent light fixture?
How to Do a Voltage Test for Fluorescent Fixtures Turn off the power to the circuit that powers the fluorescent fixture. Remove the fluorescent light bulb from the fixture. Detach the cover that protects the ballast. Turn the setting on the multimeter to “Ohms.” Touch one probe to the white wire and the other to a colored wire.
Do I need to remove the ballast to use an LED bulb?
LED technology does not require a ballast to regulate the amount of energy flowing to the lights. Additionally, removing the ballast will reduce energy usage and result in even great cost-savings as ballasts continue to draw more power than necessary.
How do I know if my t8 ballast is bad?
Depending on the ballast, you may have only red and blue wires. If the ballast is bad, the needle on the multimeter will not move. If the ballast is still good, the needle should sweep to the right across the face of the multimeter.
How do I know if my ballast is t8 or t12?
This will reveal a lot about your current fluorescent tube and usually indicate if the bulb is T8 or T12. If no markings are available, the size in diameter of the tube is the easiest way to determine the type you have installed. T8 tubes are 1-inch in diameter and T12 tubes are 1 1/2 -inch.
How much does a ballast cost?
A replacement ballast costs about $10-25 depending on capacity and brand. The bite is that an electrician trip charge (which includes 30 or 60 minutes work) is going to be $75-150 probably – for about 5 minutes work on each light fixture.
Does ballast consume power?
The ballast will consume about four watts when the lamps are removed although the ballast is still energized. Electronic ballasts start and regulate fluorescent lamps with the use of electronic components. Therefore, 40-watt T12 lamps operate at 34 watts when operated on an electronic ballast.
What is the purpose of a ballast resistor?
First, the ballast resistor is the long, white ceramic thing attached to the left side of the coil assembly. Basic function: the ballast resistor is a resistor contained in the primary ignition circuit wiring that lowers voltage after the engine is started to reduce wear on ignition components.
How many types of ballasts are there?
And there are two types of ballasts in each family: magnetic and electronic. Magnetic ballasts are the older ballast technology. For the fluorescent family, both T12 linear fluorescents and two-pin CFLs use magnetic ballasts.
What causes a ballast to go bad?
Causes of Ballast Failure When it’s too hot or too cold, the ballast can burn or fail to start your lamps at all. Heat combined with prolonged condensation inside an electronic ballast can cause corrosion. Some people may suggest removing the parts of the ballast casing and cleaning the electrical board.
Can a fluorescent light work without a ballast?
Reverted question “ Can I make a fluorescent light work without a ballast?” yes, you can, but you need something to reduce the current as the bulb warms up. So, you can drive a fluorescent with a pulse width adjustable power supply, but this is what is in an ‘electronic’ ballast.
How does a ballast work?
Simply put, the ballast is the heart of a fluorescent light fixture sending energy (pumping blood) through the lamp. A ballast provides the correct amount of voltage to start the lamps and regulates the amount of current that flows to them once they’re on.